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King Jaume I conquered Mallorca in the 13th century, after disembarking on the beach of Santa Ponça, in Calvià. Between Valldemossa and Deià, the erudite mystic Ramon Llull founded the Monastery of Miramar, acquired (along with other properties) centuries later by Archduke Ludwig Salvator of Austria. This nobleman, an enamoured protector of the north coast of Mallorca, had paths and observation platforms built so that travellers could enjoy impressive views of the sea. The Serra has been a compulsory destination for many artist since the era of communications began, inaugurated with the arrival of musician Frédéric Chopin and writer George Sand, who stayed at the Carthusian monastery (La Cartoixa). Later, in the 20th century the British writer Robert Graves settled in Deià.

Today the Serra de Tramuntana continues to attract creators from all over the world, who find the inspiration and tranquillity that will impregnate their work here.