Serra de Tramuntana
Unesco - World heritage
Serra de Tramuntana

History

 

2700 - 2500 BC.
First human occupation.

2500 - 1400 BC.
Pre-talayotic era. Human groups who live in caves and rudimentary constructions, and have knowledge of agriculture and livestock breeding.

1400 - 123 BC.
Talayotic period. The talayot is the most representative element, a cyclopean construction dedicated to different uses.

123 B – 4th century AD.
Roman period. In the year 123 BC the expedition ledby Quintus Caecilius Metellus conquers Mallorca. In the 4th century AD, the decadence of Rome, consolidation of Christianity and creation of the diocese of Mallorca, Menorca and Ibiza.

455 – 534 AD.
Vandal rule.

524 – 624 AD.
Byzantine empire.

902 – 1212.
Muslim conquest in the year 902 AD: the Balearic Islands become part of the Emirate, and later the Caliphate, of Cordoba. For part of the 11th century they depend on the Taifa kingdom of Denia (1010-1077), and later they form a sovereign Taifa until 1114-1115. Almohad period from 1203 to 1212. The Arab defeat in the battle of Navas de Tolosa marks the beginning of the Islamic decline.

1229.
Christian conquest of Mallorca by the troops of Jaume I, who integrate the island into the Aragonese crown.

1249 AD.
Creation of the Universitat de la Ciutat and the Kingdom of Mallorca.

1276-1349.
Creation of the independent kingdom of Mallorca, with Jaume II as the reigning king. Afterwards Alfonso “The Liberal” incorporates Mallorca into the Aragonese crown. In 1298, Jaume II of Aragon returns the island possessions of the independent kingdom of Mallorca to his uncle, but the kingdom disappears between 1343 and 1349.

1521-1523.
The Germanies revolt, a struggle by artisans and peasants to eliminate fiscal pressure. They control Mallorca until being defeated by Carlos V.

16th century.
Constant danger due to incursions by pirates: the beacons or costal watchtowers are erected.

17th century.
Baroque imposes itself as the predominant artistic and architectural style. A bubonic plague epidemic throws Mallorca’s demography off balance. The Inquisition organizes several autos-da-fé.

18th century.
War of Spanish Succession (1701-1715), which ends with the victory of Felipe V. In 1715 the Nueva Planta (New Regime) Decree is enacted, eliminating the secular institutions of the kingdom of Mallorca.

1804-1814.
The war of the French brought French prisoners to the island of Cabrera. The Cadiz Constitution causes disputes between absolutists and liberals, giving rise to Carlism.

1833.
The province of the Balearic Islands is created.

19th century.
In 1875, inauguration of the first railway line in Mallorca, between Palma and Inca. Industrialization reaches the agriculture, textile and footwear sectors. The workers’ movement becomes organised during the Sexenio Revolucionario (Revolutionary Six Years) (1868-74), a period that began with the fall of the monarchy of Isabel II. Bourbon restoration in
1875 and caciquism.

1905.
Fomento del Turismo of Mallorca is created.

1931.
Second Spanish Republic.

1936.
Civil War. The military revolt of 19th July triumphs in Mallorca, Ibiza and Formentera. The left is dismantled and repression is used.

1950s and ‘60s.
Tourism boom, tourism becomes the socio-economic driving force of Mallorca.

1975.
Death of Franco and restoration of democracy.

1978.
Approval of the Constitution.

1983.
Approval of the Statue of Autonomy of the Balearic Islands.