The Serra de Tramuntana in May
800,000 euros in subsidies to protect the Serra
The main new feature of the 2017 call for subsidies is that property owners and non-profits will also benefit, and not only the town councils of the municipalities integrated in the landscape of the Serra.
The purpose of these aids is to recover heritage and ethnological features, as well as other initiatives to recover forest and farming spaces and actions to restore agricultural landscapes.
10 municipalities participate in the 4th Serra de Tramuntana 2017 Children’s Races Circuit
This year, 2017, the circuit is made up of 10 free children’s races through the Serra de Tramuntana, as well as a whole programme of associated actions.
These include chats prior to the races at schools in the participating towns, and a Family Training, at year end and taught by Tòfol Castanyer, a mountain runner and prominent international figure.
The architectural value of ‘possessions’
‘Possessions’ are large rural estates. On the Serra de Tramuntana they represent an iconic testimony to the architecture, economy, daily life, history and landscape of Mallorca. However, they are also living entities, replete with histories that highlight the people’s adaptation and spirit to overcome.
The largest possessions had chapels, defensive walls and—at times—gardens adorned with fountains, ponds and waterfalls. The most interesting examples are found in Raixa, Alfàbia (Bunyola), Massanella (Mancor), Galatzó (Calvià), Canet y Su Granja (Esporles) and Torre del Moro - Miramar.
Maritime heritage on the Serra: defensive towers
Along the coastline of the Serra de Tramuntana, there are a series of defensive towers, some fortified and others simple watchtowers.
From the tower in the cove of Basset to the Albercutx watchtower in Pollença, we can find some 20 constructions that represent heritage of an incalculable value that is historical, architectural and ethnological.
The Serra’s unique hydraulic system
A complex and traditional water engineering construction was built on the Serra de Tramuntana to collect and extract groundwater and surface water and transport it, distribute it and store it.
Their design is of Arabic origin and the ganats merit mention, a word also of Arabic origin that is used to describe the galleries and tunnels built to collect groundwater.
The result of this entire centuries old water collection and irrigation system comprises an enormous complex that covers the entire mountain. Waters are channelled from springs, streams and rainwater floods and put to use in different ways.
The Serra de Tramuntana, farming and production space
The Serra de Tramuntana’s economic activity is extremely diverse. Inland areas have historically been mainly focused on farming and forestry.
This is revealed by remains that let us identify the exploitation of natural resources in practically the entire territory. These include: coal cellars (exploitation of the forest), lime pits (for limestone) and the construction of dry stone terraces (exploitation and creation of croplands).
The Serra de Tramuntana and the legacy of the past
One of the main values that justified the landscapes of the Serra de Tramuntana’s inclusion as UNESCO World Heritage was the exchange of knowledge and farming techniques between the Islamic and Christian cultures and how this mixture is reflected in the environment.
The modern day rural farming landscape of the Serra de Tramuntana still bears the imprints of different settlers, especially the Muslims, who realised how to intelligently implement techniques to draw out and use water in this harsh and unforgiving landscape. This is revealed in the enormous number of water features dating back to this era, which even today create the true DNA of the Tramuntana’s landscape.